How to Build a Shed

If you are a hands-on person and can normally be found somewhere in your home making adjustments and fixing things then a shed would be a great storage area for all your various equipment and gadgets that otherwise would be too big or bulky for the inside of your home and living spaces.

Tools required

  • A Knife
  • Hammer

Materials required

  • Plywood
  • Doors
  • Windows
  • Screws and nails
  • Rafters
  • Purlins
  • Barge boards
  • Fascia boards


  1. Create a plan stating all the dimensions of the various shed components, including the floor, walls, and roof. Then cut out all the necessary pieces that are to be used as part of the structure
  2. Like any other building structure, the first and most important section we have to start with of course is the foundation. Cut out the skids and joints to make the flooring frame; then deck the floor with plywood. The foundation can be adjusted in terms of size and built according to the amount of supplies you will be storing.
  3. Create the wall frame using wall studs on the ground, use four rows of noggins spaced evenly between the studs. The noggings give the framing boards something substantial to be nailed on.
  4. Take the wall frame and fasten them in place onto the shed foundation. The outside edges of the frame and corner studs should be flushed and then use to connect them together. The walls should brace on each other inside so they are properly supported. Cut the rafters and beams according to the shed design. Install the beaming on the structure you already have. The beam should have two pieces extending from the middle of the two opposite sides in the center and then another board running across the length of the structure.
  5. Place the rafters onto the beaming. It should run from the center of the beam onto the end of the wall frames on each side and allow an overhang space on the edges. Then place four rows of noggins to fit between each rafter. The rows should be placed inside each of the side walls’ top plates allowing the exterior board battens to have a straight edge at the top to butt into.
  6. Cut the plywood according to the plan for the roofing surface. Create the complete roofing by covering up the rafters with sheets of plywood, starting from the roof beam to the end of the rafters meeting the wall frames.
  7. Take three (3) rows of purlins and nail them onto the plane side of the roof, one on the direct top of the roof where the beam is, and one across the length of the roofing. Set up the roof sheathing from inside the shed on the underside by nailing it to the bottom of the purlins.
  8. Use barge boards and nail them onto the end of the purlins on the roof along each rake of the gable. The barge boards should be flushed with the purlins. Install fascia boards in between the barge boards and to the rafter ends. The top edge of the fascia boards should be flushed with the top of the bottom purlin. Then cover the roof with a self-supporting underlay before putting in the corrugated roofing iron. All the installments should be fastened with nails and screws.
  9. Install ridge capping on each side of the apex of the shed. The barge flashing should go under the ridge capping at the top. It should be fixed to each purlin and also to the barge board.
  10. Start the surfacing of the wall frames by installing the cladding. underlay to envelope the walls.
  11. Install the plyboard onto the wall framing, beginning from any corner. Use the nail to fasten the boards onto the noggins, leaving a gap between each board. The board should be long so that it reaches under the rafter and a bit below the flooring.
  12. Fix the battens over each join. The battens should have a groove on each side of the joint to stop water from being drawn up the capillary action. Nail on the center line of the batten, through the gap between the boards and into the noggins, and overlap the corners. When all this is done, install the windows and doors and the construction is complete.

Tips and Warning

  • Due to some of the equipment being heavy and the lifting of materials being strenuous it is suggested that you have one or more persons there to assist with this building project.
Scroll to Top